Smart Fruits – What Makes Them Smart?
Our world is rich with a wide range of fruits with various colors and nutrients. Every fruit has its unique composition, which varies with the influence of growth conditions: The soil in which it grows, the water it drinks, the heat and humidity conditions in its environment, and so on.
What are the “smart” fruits?
“Super Fruits” (Smart Fruits) are actually fruits which have enormous wealth of ingredients that don’t exist or exist in small quantities in other fruits. For example, some fruits are particularly rich in vitamin A, while others, like orange fruits, are particularly rich in vitamin C.
In addition to those rich in vitamins and minerals, some fruits are unique in the fact they are rich in ingredients used as “antioxidants” in the body.
Among them are, for example, coffee beans, berries and grapes, which are particularly rich in polyphenols. These substances generate an antioxidant activity. Studies have shown that the qualities of these fruits contribute to the prevention of heart and coronary diseases.
A good example for that is the protective effect of drinking red wine in a meal, commonly known as “The French paradox”, whereby red wine consumed close to a meat meal provides polyphenols that contribute to the body’s defense system through various actions, including anti-oxidation of the products of a fatty meat meal.
A recent study conducted at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem, in conjunction with Volcani Center headed by Prof. Joseph Kanner, found that Turkish (black) coffee, too, has a strong antioxidant effect when consumed close to a meat meal.
As coffee beans are rich in polyphenols, they are used as antioxidants in the body, and some associate the richness of polyphenols in coffee with the unique structure of coffee beans and their growing conditions.
Since coffee plants grow in tropical conditions of high heat and humidity, they have adopted plant mechanisms that help them tackle such conditions.
The red shell of the bean and its inner layers are rich in antioxidants that do the job.
Another interesting study published in the New England Journal of Medicine in August 2012, found that an average consumption of 2-5 cups of coffee per day with 200-300 mg of caffeine lowers the risk of developing age-related illnesses such as heart disease, type 2 Diabetes, stroke, Parkinson’s disease and more.
Coffee, which is rich in antioxidants such as polyphenols, contains magnesium and potassium which are associated with the prevention of such diseases.
The conclusion is that sometimes in foods that seem to have no value we may find great benefits.